Do you feel pain or tingling in the foot, both walking and resting? Those are the symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome. In this post we tell you everything you need to know about this pathology.
What is tarsal tunnel syndrome?
This syndrome occurs when the tibial nerve, which passes through the center of the ankle and goes towards the sole of the foot, is compressed, causing pain in the ankle, foot and toes.
Specifically, the tibial nerve that runs down the back of the calf, through a fibrous canal called the tarsal tunnel, near the heel and down the sole of the foot. When the tissues around the tarsal tunnel become inflamed, they can compress the nerve, causing pain.
People who suffer from it usually associate it with overloads or sprains and, although they feel relief with rest, as soon as the activity returns, the discomfort returns.
The pain of tarsal tunnel syndrome is very characteristic, since it is a cramp on the inner side of the ankle, which can even travel to the sole and toes and cause night cramps and insensitivity.
Other symptoms are tingling when walking or wearing certain types of shoes, and burning in the foot, both when standing and at rest when the disorder progresses.
Disorders that cause tarsal tunnel syndrome include:
· Swelling of the ankles from heart failure or kidney failure.
· Also disorders such as gout or arthritis cause inflammation in the joints.
· Walking with the foot in or out can also contribute to this, since incorrect posture when walking stresses this nerve, subjecting it to constant tension and compression.
· Other unknown causes.
The first thing that is tried to relieve pain is to free the tibial nerve of this tension, through physical therapy exercises, electrical currents, infiltrations, hydrodissections, corticosteroid injections or the use of orthoses.
In case the patient does not improve, the specialist would consider the surgical treatment of the tarsal tunnel syndrome to relieve the pressure on the nerve.
From AFEMEFA we recommend that, if you detect any of the symptoms of this syndrome, you go to the doctor as soon as possible, since early detection can be a key factor in your recovery.
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